Dogs have been breed since ancient times to acquire the desired characteristic such as housekeeping, hunting, herding, companionship, etc. Breed dogs perform various functions to improve human lives. Now at this time, there are 339 breeds of dogs which are divided into ten groups. These groups are on the base of their traits, purpose, origin, etc. But the top 10 dog breeds are as follows.
- Labrador Retriever
- German Shepherd
- Golden Retriever
- Yorkshire Terrier
The above all, the dogs are classified on the base of their traits. The further classifications on the base of their characteristics, traits, and origin are as follows.
1. Small Dog Breeds:
Small dog breeds are those whose body weight is 21 pounds or less and height less than 16 inches. They are mostly child friendly, quiet, calm indoors. They are also known as apartment dogs and toy breed dogs. It is cleared from the evidence that the development of small dog has started since last 12000 years ago. The origin of these dogs is America, Australia and Greek. The small dog breed includes American Cocker Spaniel, Australian Terrier, Beagle, Bacon Fries, Boston Terrier, Brussels Griffon, Cavalier King Charles spaniel, Chihuahua, Dachshund, French Bulldog, Italian Greyhound, Jack Russell Terrier, Lhasa Apse, Maltese, Miniature Bull terrier, Norfolk Terrier, Pomeranian, Pug, Shih Tzu and Toy Fox Terrier.
2. Big Dog Breeds:
The big dog breed is very intelligent. These dogs can be trained easily. However, they look a little foolish. They are less likely to bite as compared to small dogs. Almost everyone likes big breed dogs because they are loyal. Big dogs are kind and lovable. The weight of big breed dog is above 45 pounds, but they can also vary in size. Big dog breed includes Irish Wolf Hound, German shepherd, Great Dane, Newfoundland and St. Bernard.
3. Smarter Dog Breed:
The Border collie is considered as the smarter dog breed. These dogs are very intelligent, and they can learn very quickly. They have a good memory and obey almost 95% of the instructions by a human. They are mostly used for hunting, herding and retrieving. Police, guard, and military also use them. The smarter dog breed includes Border collie, Poodle, German shepherd, Golden retriever, Doberman pinscher, Shetland sheepdog, Labrador retriever, Papillion, Rottweiler, and Australian Cattle Dog. Mostly smarter dog breeds are not a good pet. The smarter dog breed is considered as the most popular dog breed.
4. Guard Dog Breed:
These dogs have unconditional love for their humans. They are always ready to keep their people and home safe and sound. Police, investigators, and army mostly use guard dog breed. They have a good sense of smelling and can search out things and blood easily. They are very loyal, intelligent, courageous, and have territorial instincts and affectionate nature. Guard Dog Breed includes Rottweiler, German shepherd, Doberman pinscher, Bullmastiffs, Giant schnauzer, Great Pyrenees, Great Dane, Belgian Milionis, Dutch shepherd, Cane Corson, an American bulldog, Boxer, and Beauceron. Guard dog breed and big dog breed is also considered as the most dangerous dog breed. The reason is that they can bite strangers.
5. Hypoallergenic Dog Breed:
A hypoallergenic dog breed is considered as more suitable to allergic people as compared to other dog breeds. Most researchers say that there is no clear evident those other breeds are allergenic. The allergen level varies among dogs, so the breed is not an important factor. However, there is no solid proof about the existence of hypoallergenic dog breed. No one knows from where this hypoallergenic word has originated. But some scientists say that these dogs have les allergens in their saliva and coat as compared to other breeds. This class includes Poodles, Tibetan terrier, Maltese terrier, Shih Tzu, Brussels griffon, and West Highland white terrier.
6. Longest Living Dog Breed:
The average life span of a dog is about 10-13 years. But this can be increased by proper diet, care, and exercise. Mostly the small dog breed lives longer as compared to big dog breed. The longest living dog breed includes Chihuahua, Dachshund, Toy Poodle, Jack Russell Terrier, Shih Tzu, Maltese, and Yorkshire terrier. The longest living dog is Australian cattle dog.
7. Japanese Dog Breed:
The Japanese dog breed is also known as the cutest dog breed. These dogs are Japan’s national dog.
There are six Japanese dog breed that is called as Nihon-ken. The Japanese dog breed includes Akita ken, Hokkaido Inu, Kai Ken, Kishu Inu, Shiba Inu, and Shikoku ken.
8. Rare Dog Breed:
There are a lot of numbers of dog breeds that are present all around the world. But a dog breed is also present that is a rare and very small amount of people know about them. If you know about them, then it will be easy for you to choose a canine companion. The five rare dog breed around the world is as follows.
- Norwegian Lundehund
- Lagotto Romagnolo
9. Best Hunting Dog Breed:
On the off chance that you appreciate the game of chasing, at that point you may profit by having a canine close by. It’s accepted that people and canines have been chasing together since the start of canine taming, sometime before the period of horticulture. Chasing was likely an indispensable aspect of the improvement of every species, particularly because grounds that it was essential for each to endure. There are a couple of significant aptitudes a canine ought to have to be acceptable at chasing, for example, a solid prey drive, responsiveness to preparing, and continuance and physicality. The closer your bond with your canine, the better chasing accomplice that canine will turn into. Canines are social creatures that won’t flourish whenever compelled to invest most of their energy in a pet hotel isolated from people and different canines. Set aside the effort to prepare and think about your canine the entire year. Here are ten canine varieties that make great chasing canines. This breed includes Labrador retriever, Golden Retriever, Beagle, American foxhound, English springer spaniel, Pointer, and Chesapeake Bay retriever.
10. Lazy Dog Breed:
The lazy dog breed is good for apartment living. These dogs require less mental and physical activity for their happiness. Picking a variety with truly less vitality is maybe a special move for individuals who are not home during the day for recess, have restricted living space or search out smooth exercises themselves. Lazy dog breed includes Basset hound, Cavalier King Charles spaniel, French bulldog, Broholmer, Tibetan spaniel, Tosa, Greyhound, and senior rescue.